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A Guide to knowing the History and Significance of Rangoli

by janeausten
A Guide to knowing the History and Significance of Rangoli

Rangoli, also named Kolam, is a time-honored art form of India which comes before the ancient craftwork of sculpture and illustration. The word Rangoli is emanated from the Sanskrit term, Rangavalli. In this skill, patterns are made on the base of the living area, and the courtyards are made with materials like red brick powder, colored rice or sand, or dry flour. Flower-patterned Rangolis are made using blossoms and their petals. Chemically developed colors are the trendy addition to making these arts.

It is assumed to have emanated in the Indian state of Maharashtra and, with time, scattered all over the country. Intricate rangoli patterns and structures are a vital part of all sacred rituals. They are particularly drawn during Indian celebrations like Pongal, Diwali, Onam, and other festivals.

Fundamental Philosophy:

Normally, Rangolis signify the greeting to the Hindu deities; deities are assumed to come into places where rangolis are made. Even if they add to the beauty and elegance, they are mainly assumed to bring wealth and luck. Alternatively, it is also acknowledged that a rangoli protects the house and wards off bad spirits from passing into.

Rangolis have been a skilled form solely for women throughout the periods. They are beautifully drawn on celebratory events like festivals, weddings, promising functions, and other merrymaking. The two main objectives of making Rangolis are to conjure auspiciousness or spirituality and to develop lovely aesthetics. Even the layouts of Rangoli are not merely extraordinary and have a profound meaning. A twined line develops a more beautiful effect than a linear geometrical design.

Short Description of the History of Rangoli in Tamil Nadu:

It is assumed in Tamil Nadu that Lady Andal who was the persistent devotee of Lord Thirumal, got married with the Lord in Marghazhi – Tamil month (15th December to 15th January). So during this time, it is a ritual for bachelor girls to wake up before the sunrise break and make rangolis to greet the Lord into the house. The craftwork form was made in the South during the supremacy of the Chola monarchs. The layouts are usually established in nature, but sometimes they are also in the shape of conceptual art.

Describe the Canvas for Rangoli and Where is it made?

It is usually illustrated as detailed and intricate designs with many shades at the gate of a house in the exterior courtyard. It is a sign to greet the Goddess Lakshmi, carrying prosperity, wealth, and happiness into the house.

Figurative Representation:

It is acknowledged that the pessimistic vibes that hang in the air around a home get intertwined in the intricate patterns of a rangoli. They prevent evils and stave them off from passing into the house. This is the main motive for intricate and complicated designs. Rangolis also perform as a motivation for optimistic thinking to help us lead a good life. Alongside ordering diwali gifts online, you can also learn to make beautiful rangoli designs.


The structures vary from easy geometrical patterns, blossoms, or petals to admiringly intricate deity imprints. There is no limitation on the length or height of a rangoli, and it can differ anywhere from the extent of a doormat to filling the whole room. Rangolis can also be illustrated together by a considerable number of people. One significant rule while making a rangoli design is that the whole pattern should be made in a single stroke as a smooth line. This is because it is assumed that bad spirits can come into the house through design gaps.

Who makes the beautiful Rangolis?

Traditionally ladies make the Rangoli designs at home. It is a smooth art and doesn’t need the support of geometrical devices like a thread, paintbrush, ruler, etc. Ladies use only their fingers and some colored chalk, rice powder, or mashed lime powder to make stunning patterns. Rangolis are adorned with beads, grains, flowers, or pulses. When created with expertise, Rangolis outweigh the beauty of a stunning painting.

Before Making the Rangoli:

The spot where the Rangoli is to be made is tidied up thoroughly. It was a standard exercise to sweep and splash cow dung on every gate. After it dries up, Rangolis were made on it. Today, Rangolis are created after the place is cleaned and sprinkled with water. Once the place is prepared, the layout is decided. Detailed points are kept with the powder on the ground. Then these points are connected to make the special design.

Time-honored Beliefs Behind Rangolis:

In the past eras, Rangolis were designed only with rice powder. The main motive for this is the principle, Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam, in Sanatana Dharma, which implies the entire world is one large family. This is established on the importance of Live and Let Live. The motive why our predecessors used rice powder was to feed food to worms, birds, ants, insects, and other living creatures that remained in the soil.

Last Words:

These are some ideas about why Rangoli designs are admired and followed. This Diwali, send gifts to India and make some beautiful Rangoli with your family.

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