Home » What are Sexually Transmitted Diseases? Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

What are Sexually Transmitted Diseases? Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

by janeausten
sexually transmitted diseases

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are infections spread by sexual interaction. Sexual contact is often oral, vaginal, or anal. They may occasionally spread via other forms of close physical contact. Because certain STDs may transmit by skin-to-skin exposure, this is the case. Sexologists in Gurgaon say that people aren’t aware of the risk they expose themselves to when involved in unprotected sex. Small viruses, bacteria, and parasites induce STIs based on the condition.

Moreover, some sexually transmitted infections may be transmitted by kissing or close bodily contact, in addition to sexual contact, and can bring severe health issues throughout the body. Further, some individuals may have certain STDs with no symptoms. Hence, sexologists recommend getting tested and ensuring they have no STDs or if there, they can start early treatment. Here are the various types of STDs.

Types Of Sexually Transmitted Diseases

1. AIDS & HIV

AIDS is due to the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), transmitted by unprotected sexual contact with an infected individual or drug injection with a contaminated needle. Moreover, it may be spread by intravenous drug usage, far less often, via blood, blood transfusions, needles, or even other sharp objects infected with infectious bodily fluids or blood.

2. Chlamydia

Chlamydia, the most common bacterial STI, transmits by the Chlamydia trachomatis bacterium, which may affect the urethra and cervix (uterus opening). As with other sexually transmitted diseases, chlamydia appears to be asymptomatic. As a result, it remains undiagnosed until it reaches a more dangerous stage.

3. Gonorrhea

Occasionally, chlamydia infection is misunderstood with gonorrhea, another bacterial illness spread by vaginal, anal, and oral contact. Not only do these have numerous similar symptoms, but they may also coincide.

Typically, gonorrhea develops in the urethra (bladder opening) or cervix. However, the fast-multiplying Neisseria gonorrhea bacteria may travel to the uterine and fallopian tubes, causing pelvic inflammatory illness (PID).

4. Syphilis

It is among the bacterial sexually transmitted diseases. It affects both males’ and females’ genitalia, mouth, lips, and anus. Moreover, it spreads via sexual contact with an infected individual. During pregnancy, it may transfer from the mother to the baby. 

5. Genital warts

Some strains of HPV with a reduced risk may produce genital warts. On the sexual organs or anus, such skin-colored or white lumps appear. However, they are treatable yet not entirely curable since the virus that triggers them may persist.

Causes Of Sexually Transmitted Diseases

So any STD may transmit from one infected to another by sexual activity, involving unprotected sexual intercourse and some through oral sex and other sexual activities. Moreover, STDs tend to develop when parasites, bacteria, and viruses enter the body. Body fluids transmit these germs during sexual intercourse. An STI may also transmit between individuals without ejaculation taking place. 

By exchanging infected needles, like those used to administer drugs or infected body piercing or tattooing tools, hepatitis B, hepatitis C and HIV might also spread. 

symptoms of sexually transmitted diseases

Symptoms Of Sexually Transmitted Diseases

So STDs may present a range of signs and symptoms or none at all. Therefore, they may remain undetected until difficulties arise or a companion is diagnosed.

The following symptoms and signs may indicate an STD:

  • Bumps or lumps in the vaginal, oral, or rectal regions
  • Urination that hurts or burns
  • Unusual discharge from the penis
  • Smelly or abnormal vaginal discharge
  • Abnormal vaginal bleeding
  • Pain while sex
  • Painful, swollen lymph nodes, often in the groin, but occasionally more widespread
  • lower abdomen pain
  • Fever
  • Rash on the body, hands, or feet
  • Night Sweats, Weight loss, diarrhea
  • Pains, chills, aches, and fever

Signs and symptoms may manifest several days following exposure. Nevertheless, depending on the species transmitting the STD, it could be years until you experience any symptoms.

Treatment Of Sexually Transmitted Diseases

STDs may have a variety of health effects. So based on the condition, a variety of treatment options exist, including:

  • Antibiotics and other oral or topical drugs
  • Antiviral drug
  • Surgery
  • Laser

You might also be suggested to adjust your lifestyle, such as refraining from sexual activity until your treatment completes.

Remember that, for most STDs, it is impossible to reverse any harm already induced by the disease. Moreover, several STDs, including genital warts and AIDS, are incurable.

Steps To Prevent Sexually Transmitted Diseases

The most effective method for avoiding an STD is to prevent STIs. Moreover, the only surefire way to do this is to prevent sexual interaction.

However, there are measures to make the sexual activity safer and lower the chance of acquiring an STI:

  • Before having sexual contact with a new partner, discuss your respective sexual histories and determine your comfort levels.
  • Regularly test for sexually transmitted infections, particularly when you have a new partner or several relationships. Request that any partners do the same.
  • Utilize a condom for vaginal, anal, and oral intercourse to prevent the transmission of STIs transmitted by fluids. Additionally, dental dams might offer protection during oral sex.
  • Consider receiving the HPV and hepatitis B vaccinations.

Conclusion

Certain Sexually Transmitted Diseases could be life-threatening, or some can be curable. Yet, it is better to test yourself for STDs regularly and engage in safe sex.

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