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Deep Cleaning Scaling and Root Planing: A Beginner Guide

by janeausten
Deep Cleaning Scaling and Root Planing

Maintaining healthy teeth or having healthy oral habits are the same things because they can help you keep your teeth hale and hearty. But, how can you do it? What are the things you must know to resolve a particular dental issue?

If you are not aware of the dental treatments and which treatment is suitable for which sort of dental problem, then this blog has covered all for you. You can explore deep cleaning scaling and root planing, their benefits, risk factors, and other relevant things in a very detailed manner. 

So, let’s begin the read and get info about this dental treatment to acknowledge all the essential facts before you get treated. 

What are deep cleaning and root planing?

Deep cleaning and root planing are dental procedures that help remove plaque and tartar buildup from teeth. This can help improve oral health and reduce the risk of gum disease. 

A dental professional uses special tools to remove plaque and tartar from teeth during scaling. Root planing involves smoothing out the roots of teeth to make it difficult for plaque to accumulate.

Benefits of scaling and root planing

Whether it is about dental health care or getting healthy teeth, deep cleaning scaling and root planing have a stronger relationship. These dental treatments are beneficial to your oral health for several reasons. They are:

Remove plaque and tartar

Deep cleaning scaling and root planing are all procedures used to remove plaque and tartar from teeth. Plaque is a sticky film that forms on teeth over time and can lead to tooth decay and gum disease. Tartar is a hardened form of plaque that can only be removed with dental tools. When plaque and tartar are not removed regularly from your teeth and gums, they can cause serious dental problems.

Provide better oral health with bacteria removal

The bacteria that cause gum disease thrive in dental plaque, a sticky film that coats your teeth. If plaque is not removed via brushing and flossing, it can harden into tartar (calculus), which can only be removed through professional cleaning.

One way to remove the bacteria that cause gum disease is through deep cleaning and root planing. This procedure involves scraping off the tartar from your teeth below the gum line and then smoothing out the roots of your teeth with a unique tool.

Deep cleaning is an effective way to reduce inflammation and help your gums heal if you have gum disease. It can also help prevent the progression of gum disease.

Reduce the risk of bad breath

Bad breath can be caused by various things, including dental problems, poor oral hygiene, and certain foods. One of the best ways to reduce the risk of bad breath is to get a deep cleaning and root planing. 

This type of cleaning removes plaque and bacteria from deep below the gum line where brushing and flossing can’t reach. It is important to remember that bad breath can signify a more serious problem, such as periodontal disease, so it is essential to see your dentist if you are experiencing any symptoms of bad breath.

Prevent the plaque and tart buildup

Dental plaque and tartar are caused by bacteria that form on the teeth. Over time, this plaque and tartar can build up and cause tooth decay and gum disease. Deep cleaning can remove this buildup and help prevent further damage.

Eliminate the risk of developing gum disease

Dental professionals recommend a deep cleaning, also known as scaling and root planing, to eliminate the risk of developing gum disease. By doing so, you can improve your gum health and reduce your risk of developing periodontal disease.

What is the process of this dental treatment?

Dentists use scaling and root planing to clean teeth below the gum line. This process removes plaque and tartar that can’t be removed with regular brushing and flossing. The procedure is performed by a dentist or dental hygienist.

Its procedure is as follows: 

  • The dentist will first give you an anesthetic to numb the area.
  • Then, they will use a scaler to remove the plaque and tartar. 
  • The tooth bacteria are removed with a specially designed tool known as a root scraper.
  • They may also use a root planer to smooth out any rough spots on the roots of your teeth. 
  • The final step is to smooth out the roots of the teeth with a curette. This can help reduce the risk of gum disease and cease the plaque buildup.

Associated Risks 

Root planing and scaling are standard dental procedures that remove plaque and calculus (tartar) from teeth. These procedures can be performed at a dentist’s office or at home with over-the-counter products. 

While root planing and scaling are generally safe procedures, some risks are associated with them.

  • One risk associated with a deep cleaning is gum bleeding. In some cases, the gums may bleed excessively after the procedure. This can be a sign of infection or other underlying health problems.
  • Another risk associated with a deep cleaning is damage to the teeth. In rare cases, the teeth may be damaged during the procedure. 
  • Finally, there is a small risk of infection associated with deep cleaning procedures.

Is deep cleaning and root planing right for you?

Dental deep cleaning, also known as scaling and root planing, is a common procedure to treat gum disease. Deep cleaning is often recommended for moderate or severe gum disease.

There are several benefits to deep cleaning. It can help to improve oral health by reducing inflammation and preventing further damage to the gums. Deep cleaning can also enhance the quality of breath and reduce the risk of tooth decay.

However, deep cleaning is not always necessary or appropriate. For example, it may not be needed for people with mild or moderate gum disease. Additionally, deep cleaning can be expensive and time-consuming, so it’s essential to weigh the pros and cons before deciding if this treatment is proper for you.

Bottom Line

All in all, deep cleaning scaling and root planing are essential in oral care. This procedure can improve your overall oral health and reduce your risk of developing cavities and other dental problems by having this procedure done.


1-How important are dental procedures as a cause of infective endocarditis?

Received 27 April 1984, Revised 19 June 1984, Accepted 20 June 1984, Available online 30 November 2005.


2-Dental plaque formation

Available online 6 December 2000.


3-Poor oral hygiene as a risk factor for infective endocarditis–related bacteremia

Available online on 30 December 2014.


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