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Kidney Cancer: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

by janeausten
Three Ways to Treat Your Kidney Stones

The kidney is the bean-shaped organ that removes waste products and controls blood pressure,
among other things. Kidney cancer involves the abnormal growth of cells that build up to a
tumor. In adults, renal cell carcinoma is the most standard type of kidney cancer.

In Young children, Wilm’s tumor is the most common type of kidney cancer. Treatment for kidney
cancer often involves surgery, and it can be often discovered at an early stage. Here is some
useful information about kidney cancer, its causes, symptoms, and treatment.

What is Kidney Cancer?

Cancer begins when something triggers a change, spreading to other tissues and vital organs.
It is nothing but abnormal growth of cells in kidney tissues. Over time, the cells form a mass
called a tumor and divide out of control. It has been found that kidney cancer appears to be
increasing over the years. Initially, it appears in the lining of tiny tubes (tubules) in the
kidney, which is called renal cell carcinoma.
Almost kidney cancers can be found before they spread to distant organs. The earlier they
catch, the easier it is to treat successfully. Sometimes the reasons for kidney cancer may not
be known, but certain characteristics seem to raise the chance of getting kidney cancer. For
instance, people above 40 are experiencing kidney cancer. Here are some risk factors for
kidney cancer that you need to know.

  • If you are smoking, your risk for kidney cancer is twice that of non-smokers. It will
    also, increase your risk.
  • Usually, men are more likely to get kidney cancer than women, and excess weight can
    make some transformations to hormones that raise your risk.
  • You are also increasing the risk by using certain pain medications for a long time.
  • Genetic conditions like inherited papillary renal cell carcinoma are risk factors for
    kidney cancer.
  • Exposure to certain chemicals like cadmium, asbestos, organic solvent, and benzene.

Having these risk characteristics does not imply you will get kidney cancer because even
people who have none still get the disease.

Symptoms of Kidney Cancer

Kidney cancer may not produce noticeable symptoms in its early stage, but symptoms may
begin to appear over time. In most cases, people might not have any early symptoms of
kidney cancer, but still, there are some symptoms when a tumor grows larger.

Some symptoms of kidney cancer include:

  • Blood in the urine
  • Tiredness
  • Pain in the back or side
  • Find swelling in the kidney area
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Loos of appetite
  • High blood pressure
  • Anemia
  • Recurring fevers
  • Flank pain
  • Swelling in your ankles or legs

When kidney cancer spreads to other parts of your body, it might cause other symptoms such as

  • Coughing up blood
  • Shortness of breath
  • Bone pain

Prevention

Enhancing your health by following healthy habits may reduce your risk of kidney cancer. Here are some actions to lessen your risk.

  • Quit smoking

If you are a smoker, the most important thing you need to do is quit smoking. There are many
options for quitting, like support programs, medications, and nicotine replacement products.
Ensure to approach your doctor to discuss your option together and know more about the
product and process that you have to follow.

  • Maintain a healthy weight

If you are overweight or obese, it is essential to reduce the number of calories you consume
each day and be physically active most days of the week. Maintain a healthy weight and have
a healthy diet but consult your doctor about other health strategies.

  • Control high blood pressure

It is essential to control high blood pressure to prevent severe health issues. Performing some
exercise, weight loss, and diet changes can help you control blood pressure. You can consult
your doctor to check your blood pressure at your next appointment and discuss options for
lowering your numbers if it is high.

  • How is a Kidney Dancer Diagnosed?

When you find any symptoms, consider the doctor to perform a complete medical history and
physical exam. Your doctor asks you to do certain tests that help diagnose and assess cancer.
Urine tests, blood tests, computed tomography (CT or CAT) scans, ultrasound, and magnetic
resonance imaging (MRI) are some common tests you need to undergo. Stages group

most cancers based on the location and size of the tumor, the degree to which cancer
spread, and the extent to which the lymph nodes are affected.

How is Kidney Cancer Treated?

There are many factors that determine kidney cancer treatment. The treatment is decided
based on the type of cancer, the stage, grade of the tumor, patient’s age, and overall health.
But the most common treatment for kidney cancer is surgery, including partial nephrectomy
and radical nephrectomy. If one kidney is removed, the other one usually performs the work
of both kidneys.

In almost every stage of kidney cancer, surgery is the treatment. During the severe problem, a
kidney transplant is a wise option. India is the best place to perform a kidney transplant if you
are looking for the best place to perform a kidney transplant. You will get the best and high-
quality treatment, and also, the cost of kidney transplant in India is comparatively lower
than in other countries.

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Summing it up

Usually, you will not find symptoms in the initial stage of kidney cancer, but you can find
some symptoms over time. As earlier as you detect the symptoms, it is easy to cure kidney
cancer. Ensure to maintain a healthy weight, manage blood pressure and avoid being exposed
to harmful chemicals.

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